Flat Feet (Pes Planus): Orthotic Management

Feet are the foundation of our mobility, carrying us through life’s adventures. But what happens when those feet are flat? The Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinics expert podiatrist Dr Bilal Khelladi is here to unravel the mysteries of flat feet, also known as pes planus. In this short guide, we’ll explore the intricacies of flat feet, their impact on your overall foot health, and how orthotics can play a transformative role in restoring comfort and function.

Understanding Flat Feet (Pes Planus)

Flat feet, or pes planus, refer to a condition where the arches of the feet are lower than normal or completely absent. While some people naturally have flat feet, others develop the condition due to various factors. The arches of the feet play a crucial role in distributing body weight and absorbing shock during movement. When these arches collapse or don’t develop properly, it can lead to various foot-related issues.

What are the causes of Flat Feet?

  1. Genetics: A family history of flat feet can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
  2. Aging: Over time, the tendons and ligaments that support the arches may weaken, contributing to flat feet.
  3. Injury: Trauma or injuries to the foot’s arch area can impact its structure and lead to flat feet.
  4. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes, can affect the foot’s arches.

Impact of Flat Feet

Flat feet can cause a range of discomfort and complications, including:

  • Foot Pain: Pain or discomfort in the arch area, heels, and ankles can be common.
  • Overpronation: Flat feet often lead to overpronation, where the feet roll excessively inward while walking or running.
  • Shin Splints: Overpronation can contribute to shin splints and other lower leg issues.
  • Plantar Fasciitis: Flat feet can increase the risk of plantar fasciitis due to improper foot alignment.
  • Lower Back Pain: Altered foot mechanics can result in improper alignment higher up the body, leading to lower back pain.

The Role of Orthotics in Managing Flat Feet

Orthotics are custom-made shoe inserts designed to provide proper foot support and alignment. At Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic, we believe that orthotics can be a game-changer for individuals with flat feet. Here’s how they can help:

  1. Arch Support: Orthotics provide the necessary support to the arch area, reducing overpronation and strain.
  2. Alignment Correction: By promoting proper foot alignment, orthotics help alleviate discomfort in the feet, ankles, and even the lower back.
  3. Shock Absorption: Orthotics help absorb shock during walking or running, reducing the impact on joints and preventing injuries.
  4. Custom Tailoring: Each pair of orthotics is uniquely crafted to match the individual’s foot structure and needs.
  5. Activity Enhancement: Orthotics can improve overall foot function, allowing individuals to engage in activities with reduced discomfort.

Expert Consultation and Orthotic Fitting

At Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic, our experienced Podiatrist assess each individual’s foot structure and gait pattern to determine the most suitable orthotic solution. We take into consideration your lifestyle, activity level, and specific foot concerns to ensure the best possible outcome.


Don’t let flat feet stand in the way of your comfort and mobility. If you’re experiencing discomfort due to flat feet or seeking preventive measures, our team at Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic is here to guide you. Reach out today at (02) 9791 1790 or visit our website to book an appointment. Trust the experts to help you stride confidently with custom orthotic solutions.

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