Bunions – Understanding and treatment

Bunions are a common foot condition that can cause discomfort and affect your daily life. At Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic, we are experts in diagnosing and treating bunions, helping you find relief and get back on your feet pain-free. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore what bunions are, their causes, symptoms, and the effective treatments offered at our clinic.

What are Bunions?

Bunions, medically known as Hallux Valgus, are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe joint. Over time, the big toe may start to deviate inward towards the other toes, causing the joint to protrude. This condition can lead to pain, inflammation, and difficulty wearing certain footwear.

Causes of Bunions

Several factors contribute to the development of bunions, including:

  1. Genetics: A family history of bunions can increase your risk of developing them.
  2. Foot Structure: Certain foot shapes and biomechanical issues can put excess pressure on the big toe joint, leading to bunion formation.
  3. Footwear: Tight-fitting, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can force the toes into an unnatural position, aggravating the condition.
  4. Age: Bunions are more common in older individuals, as the ligaments in the foot weaken with age.

Symptoms of Bunions

Patients with bunions at Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic often report the following symptoms:

  1. Bony bump at the base of the big toe joint.
  2. Pain and tenderness around the joint.
  3. Redness and swelling.
  4. Restricted movement of the big toe.
  5. Corns or calluses may develop due to friction and pressure from footwear.

Bunion Treatment Options

At Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic, we offer a range of evidence-based treatments to manage and alleviate bunion-related pain:

  1. Footwear Modifications: Our podiatrists will provide guidance on choosing appropriate footwear with a wider toe box and better arch support to reduce pressure on the affected area.
  2. Orthotics: Custom orthotics can help correct foot alignment and redistribute pressure away from the bunion, providing relief.
  3. Padding and Taping: Specially designed pads or taping techniques can cushion the bunion, reducing friction and pain.
  4. Physical Therapy: Targeted exercises can strengthen the muscles around the affected joint and improve joint flexibility.
  5. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended to manage pain and inflammation.
  6. Injections: Corticosteroid injections can be administered to reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief.
  7. Splinting: In some cases, splints or toe spacers may be used to realign the toe and slow down the progression of the bunion.

Surgical Options

If conservative treatments do not provide adequate relief or the bunion is severe, surgical intervention may be considered.

Preventing Bunions

While some risk factors for bunions, such as genetics, cannot be changed, there are steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of developing bunions:

  1. Wear properly fitting shoes with ample toe room and good arch support.
  2. Avoid high heels and shoes with narrow toe boxes, especially for extended periods.
  3. Perform foot exercises and stretches regularly to maintain foot strength and flexibility.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your feet.


If you’re experiencing bunion pain or suspect you may have bunions, don’t delay seeking professional care. At Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic, our expert podiatrist Dr Bilal Khelladi are dedicated to providing personalized and effective treatments to relieve your discomfort and improve your foot health. Contact us today at (02) 9791 1790 or book an appointment online to take the first step towards pain-free feet. Trust the expert at Bankstown Podiatry and Injury Clinic to keep you walking comfortably and confidently.

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